A technique or methodology that, through experience and research, has proven to reliably lead to a desired result. A commitment to using the best practices in any field is a commitment to using all the knowledge and technology at one's disposal to ensure success. The term is used frequently in the fields of health care, government administration, the education system, project management, hardware and software product development, analytical chemistry, and elsewhere.
1. An evolving term that describes any voluminous amount of structured, semi-structured and unstructured data that have the potential to be mined for information.
2. Data that would take too much time and cost too much money to load into relational databases for analysis (typically petabytes and exabytes of data).
3. Extensive datasets/collections/linked data primarily characterized by big volume, extensive variety, high velocity (creation and use), and/or variability that together require a scalable architecture for efficient data storage, manipulation, and analysis. In general, the size is beyond the ability of typical database software tools to capture, store, manage and analyze. It is assumed that as technology advances over time, the size of datasets that qualify as big data will increase. Also the definition can vary by sector, depending on what kind of software tools are commonly available and what sizes of datasets are common in a particular industry. With those caveats, big data in many sectors today will range from a few dozen terabytes to multiple petabytes (thousands of terabytes).
Any device whose workings are not understood by or accessible to its user.
Digital materials which are not intended to have an analogue equivalent, either as the originating source or as a result of conversion to analogue form.
This term is used to differentiate them from
- CASRAI Dictionary