Observational research data
A set of terminology to describe important concepts, often specific to a particular domain or discipline. It's a way of describing a vocabulary that can be shared among practitioners in a field, to allow for easier communication and a standardised way of defining and labelling, for example when writing metadata.
Structured data that are accessible, machine-readable, usable, intelligible, and freely shared. Open data can be freely used, re-used, built on, and redistributed by anyone - subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and share-alike.
- CASRAI Dictionary
The practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods.
Open Science encompasses a broad set of practices, including:
Open source software is software whose source code has been made freely available for re-use and modification under and Open Source license.
There are different types of open source license, but to be truly open source they all conform to the guidelines laid out at the Open Source Initiative.