A graphical representation of numerical data, based on the five-number summary and introduced by John Wilder Turkey in 1970. The diagram has a scale in one direction only. A rectangular box is drawn, extending from the lower quartile to the upper quartile, with the median shown dividing the box.
‘Whiskers’ are then drawn extending from the end of the box to the greatest and least values. Multiple boxplots, arranged side by side, can be used for the comparison of several samples.